アジア政党国際会議(ソウル)に出席

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9月7日から10日まで、韓国ソウルで開催された第4回アジア政党国際会議(ICAPP)総会に出席し、本会議において基調演説を行いました。

この総会には、日本を含むアジア36カ国から90の政党の代表が参加し、アジアの地域の平和と安定について意見を交換しました。わが国からは、自民、民主、公明、共産、社民の各党の代表が参加しました。私は、2004年の北京総会につづいて2回目の参加となりました。

 

アジア政党国際会議(ソウル)に出席

 

ICAPPは、平素はあまりお付き合いのない中央アジアなどの国々の指導者たちと交流し、意見交換することができる貴重な機会であります。政府間会議とは異なり、具体的な交渉が行われるとか決定されるという性格のものではありません。しかし、各国の外交・内政の政策決定に議会やそれを構成する政党が大きな影響を及ぼすことを考えると、こうした機能はきわめて重要だと感じています。

 

● ICAPPについて

アジア政党国際会議(ICAPP)は、1999年にアセアン諸国の政党の提唱により創設されたもので、2年に1回各国が持ちまわりで開催しているもので、これまでマニラ、バンコック、北京で総会を開催しています。今回は、韓国の与党ウリ党と野党ハンナラ党の共同開催となりました。

 

アジア政党国際会議(ソウル)に出席

 

アジア域内の国連加盟国の民主的な議会に参画していることを参加要件としており、与野党や政党の規模は問われていません。総会の開催や運営については、総会で選出される15カ国の政党で構成される常任委員会において決められており、創設時からフィリピン共和国下院議長のJ・デ・ヴェネシア氏が委員長をつとめています。なお、ICAPPについての詳しい情報はホームページをご参照下さい。(http://www.theicapp.org

前総会から引き続き、公明党が日本を代表して常任委員をつとめており、今総会開会中に4回開かれた同委員会にも出席し、「ソウル宣言」の案文や規約案の討議などを行いました。

 

●総会の主要日程

●7日(木)

  • (羽田発・ソウル着)
  • 総会参加者登録
  • ウリ党・ハンナラ党共催歓迎レセプション
  • 第1回常任委員会

 

●8日(金)

  • 総会開会式
    ・デ・ヴェネシア常任委員会委員長、キム・ガンデ・ウリ党党首、 カン・ジェス・ハンナラ党党首から開会挨拶
    ・ノ・ムヒョン大統領、イン・チェジュン国会議長及び中国、フィリピン、 カンボジアの代表から祝辞
    ・ 総会役員の選任
  • 本会議(午後から終日)
    ・各政党の代表者からの基調演説
  • 女性政治家のための小委員会(同時並行で開催)
  • 国立博物館でハン・ミョンス首相主催夕食会
  • 第2回常任委員会

●9日(土)

  • 第3回常任委員会
  • 本会議(午前から終日)
    ・各政党の代表者からの基調演説
  • 第1分科会:地域の安全保障と政治的安定(終日同時開催)
  • 第2分科会:貧困の軽減と正しい統治(終日同時開催)
  • 第3分科会:アジアの共同体形成(終日同時開催)
  • オ・セフン・ソウル市長主催昼食会
  • 国会議事堂内で、イン・チェジュン国会議長主催晩餐会、韓国伝統 演芸などを鑑賞
  • 第4回常任委員会

 

●10日(日)

  • 閉会式
    ・ICAPP「ソウル宣言」の採択・ウリ党
    ・ハンナラ党幹事長から閉会の辞
    ・過去の開催地(フィリピン・タイ・中国)の代表から挨拶
  • (ソウル発・羽田着)

 

● 基調演説の要旨

9日の本会議2日目に、公明党を代表して「東アジア共同体形成を通じた平和と繁栄の推進」(Enhancing peace and prosperity through East Asian community building)と題した基調講演を行いました。以下、要旨を示しますが、全文は最後に掲載しました。

  1. 最初に(1)公明党の1964年の結党以来の経緯、(2)中小企業・労働者など庶民を代表する立場、(3)議会制民主主義、自由な市場経済、表現・思想信条・信教の自由を含む基本的人権を尊重する基本姿勢、(4)社会保障、教育、文化、環境など重視する政策分野、等について簡単な紹介を行いました。
  2. 昨年12月で創設された東アジアサミット(EAS)について、機能や目的、取り組もうとしている分野については支持する。また、EASが東アジアにおける統合と協力を促進するものであり、地域共同体形成の基礎を形成するものとして重要であるとともに、アジア全体にわたる共同体づくりの先例ともり得る。これまでのアセアンの努力を評価するとともに、今後とも主導的な役割を期待する。
  3. EASが究極的にはEUのような共同体をめざすとしても、域内諸国の政治体制、文化や歴史、発展段階が多様であるため、当面は、伝染病対策・環境保護・災害防止・テロ対策等の人間の安全保障に関する分野、貿易や投資の拡大・金融安定・知的財産保護といった経済分野などの共通するさまざまな課題に関する機能的な協力に焦点を当てるべきである。
  4. 公明党は、日本国政府のEASなど域内共同体形成に向けての取り組みを支持する。日本が他国に比べて発展段階を先行して経験していることから重要な貢献を行うことができる。具体的には、EPA/FTAの推進による貿易投資の拡大、官民協力してのエネルギー効率向上等の技術移転、法律・経済システムの共通化、ガバナンスの改善といった分野が考えられる。
  5. 日本は、過剰な政治的影響力を行使や軍事力増強の意図を持たず、東アジアのイコール・パートナーを志向する。

 

● ソウル宣言

10日の閉会式では、常任委員会で起草した「ソウル宣言」が全会一致で採択されました。同宣言では、ICAPPに参加した各国の政党が、(1)大量破壊兵器の拡散防止、北朝鮮核問題の解決、民主主義の拡大などアジア地域の安全保障と政治の安定をめざす、(2)国連ミレニアム開発目標の達成などアジア地域の貧困の撲滅及び開かれた透明性の高いガバナンスの実現と腐敗の防止に努力する、(3)アジアでの共同体形成に向けて協力する、などの内容が含まれています。

 

アジア政党国際会議(ソウル)に出席

 

(参考:基調講演の全文)

Enhancing Peace and Prosperity through East Asian Community Building

Isamu Ueda

New Komei Party, Japan

Introduction of the New Komei Party

 First of all, I would like to present a brief introduction of the New Komei Party. The New Komei Party is the third largest political party in Japan with fifty-five members in the National Diet and 3,200 members in the assemblies of prefectures and municipalities. Our party has been part of the coalition government, along with the Liberal Democratic Party, since 1999.

The original Komei Party was founded in 1964, based on social and political movement by Soka Gakkai, the largest Buddhist lay organization in Japan. The Party is managed and operated independently of the religious organization, while we still maintain close cooperation and it still consists one of the party’s major supporters. During a major realignment of political parties in the 1990s, the Party was once dissolved to form the New Frontier Party, but was reorganized as the current New Komei Party in 1998.

The New Komei Party represents the interests of a diverse public, including small businesses and ordinary working people. We respect and have always supported parliamentary democracy and free market economy, and have highly valued human rights, including freedom of speech, beliefs, and religion. We especially emphasize policies in areas of social security, education, culture, and environment, and have won a high reputation for our pacifist principles.

 

Establishment of the East Asian Summit

I have participated in the last ICAPP general assembly held in Beijing, China in 2004. Since then, there have been remarkable developments towards greater economic and political cooperation and community building in the East Asian region.

Last December, the first East Asian Summit was held in Kuala Lumpur, where the heads of states of 10 ASEAN states, Japan, China, Korea, India, Australia, and New Zealand have participated. The EAS, as mentioned in the declaration, is designed to function as a “forum for dialogue on broad strategic, political and economical issues of common interest and concern with the aim of promoting peace, stability, and economic prosperity in East Asia.” It is also mentioned in the declaration that the EAS will be “an open, inclusive, transparent, and outward-looking forum in which we strive to strengthen global norms and universally recognized values” I support the basic idea and principles, as well as the major areas of focus, agreed by the member states. The establishment of EAS was significant in that it leads the way to promoting further integration and cooperation and lays the foundation for community building in the region and could be a precedent for wider community building covering all of Asia. I respect the enthusiasm and leadership of the ASEAN states in the process of organizing the EAS, and expect that they will continue to play a central role in the future.

The process for establishing EAS was promoted by the acknowledgement that the regional economies and societies have become increasingly interlinked and interdependent, and the realization that concerted regional efforts have become increasingly necessary to respond to a wide range of challenges facing the world. Intra-regional trade amounts over 2.8 trillion dollars, which is twice the size of trade within NAFTA, and exceeds 50 percent of the total trade of the region. Moreover, the economy of the region is experiencing the fastest growth in the world and is now obviously the source of dynamism for world economy. Substantial results of intra-regional cooperation have already been achieved in a wide range of areas, including financial stability, non-traditional security issues, and human security issues. Therefore, it may be said that it was, in a sense, natural and essential for a sustained framework of regional dialogue and cooperation to be developed in East Asia, based on cumulative results of cooperation to address respective issues.

 

Principles and functions of the EAS

EAS should abide by the principles of transparency, openness and equal partnership. Not only the sixteen participating states, but countries outside the region, including other Asian countries and the US, have played important roles and should be incorporated in various functions of regional cooperation. Rightly, the EAS should promote and not inhibit active contribution by its member states to strengthening multilateral economic and political institutions and arrangements.

While the ultimate goal of the EAS should be in community building and harmonization of economic and legal systems in the region, like the European Union, they should be perceived as long term goals, given the diversity of political system, culture and history, and stages of development. Meanwhile the EAS should focus on functional cooperation on various issues of common interest and concern. Areas of human security, including prevention of infectious diseases, environment protection, natural disaster mitigation, and countering terrorism and other non-traditional security issues; and economic cooperation, including trade and investment expansion, financial stability, and intellectual property protection; are important and urgent issues that need to be addressed.

The EAS should aim to esteem and diffuse universal norms of democracy, freedom, and human rights; and respect global rules and agreements. The EAS must be guided by principles of restraint, respect and responsibility. Member states should not interfere with domestic issues of other states, while member states should be allowed to discuss problems and air grievances.

Japan’s role and contribution in community building

The New Komei Party supports the Japanese government’s efforts in expanding regional cooperation and commitment towards community building in East Asia. EAS, along with other forums such as the ASEAN plus 3, APEC, and ARF, will be an important framework in the community building process.

I believe that Japan, which has experienced the various stages of development before other countries of the region, is capable and responsible of offering useful contributions. Japan should offer opportunities to increase trade and investment in the region, and thus contribute to economic development, through continued commitment in promoting EPA/FTA arrangements. Japan has provided ODA to most of the countries in the region and is intended to maintain necessary financial and technical assistance, despite its serious domestic fiscal situation. Japanese public and private sectors could promote transfer of technology in various fields, including improvement of quality control and energy efficiency. They could also offer important cooperation in elaboration of management skills, harmonization of legal and economic frameworks, and introduction of good governance in both public sectors and private enterprises.

 

Japan will always maintain its position as an equal partner within the East Asian community, and will not intend to exercise excessive political influence nor strengthen its military power. In that context, it will respect and support the ASEAN states to carry on the principal function in the community building process.

It is usually the case that relatively minor differences of opinions and interests undermine the real necessity for cooperation. Therefore, determination and will of politicians and political parties are indispensable in enhancing regional cooperation and community building, overcoming difficulties. The ICAPP, I believe, provides an excellent opportunity for better communication and mutual understanding of political parties. I certainly hope that the ICAPP will become more active and increase influence on policy making of the participating governments.